Book Review: The Alchemist by Paulo Coelho

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The Alchemist is a captivating tale that blends magic, mysticism, wisdom, and wonder into a story of self-discovery. Written by Paulo Coelho, it has become a modern classic.

The story follows Santiago, an Andalusian shepherd boy, who has a dream about hidden treasure near the Egyptian pyramids. He is unsure if he should pursue this dream until he is advised that he, like all of us, has a duty to pursue his Personal Legend. To do this, he must learn the ‘language of the world’ and express his connection with the world.

As Santiago travels, he has good fortune by recognizing good and bad omens. He also falls in love with Fatima, an Arab girl, and gets involved in tribal desert wars. Finally, he discovers the path he must take to find his personal treasure.

If you’re interested in a book that combines adventure, spirituality, and inspiration, then The Alchemist may be worth your time. This book review will provide you with all the information you need to decide if it’s the right book for you. Let’s get started!

Key Lessons

Lesson 1: Through our dreams, we can explore the deepest desires of our subconscious and discover the aspirations that truly drive us.

In the world of literature, certain stories possess the unique ability to leave a lasting impact on our lives. One such powerful story is Paulo Coelho’s captivating novel, The Alchemist. While it may appear as a straightforward tale of Santiago, a humble shepherd on a treasure-seeking quest, the novel is a profound allegory of self-discovery, reflecting the transformative journey we all must undertake to achieve our deepest desires.

Santiago’s adventure begins with a recurring dream, one that has followed him since childhood. Dreams, omens, fate, and alchemy are central themes in The Alchemist, but the dream is the driving force behind Santiago’s journey.

The story starts with Santiago seeking shelter in an abandoned church and falling asleep under a sycamore tree, where the dream unfolds. A child appears and guides Santiago to the Egyptian pyramids, revealing that he will find treasure there. This mysterious dream motivates Santiago to consult a fortune-teller, who asserts that the dream signifies his destined journey to the pyramids to find his treasure.

Feeling somewhat frustrated, Santiago embarks on his challenging expedition to Egypt, leaving behind his sheep and the life he knows. His dream intertwines with his long-held desire for travel, a yearning that led him to become a shepherd. Throughout the story, dreams serve as the voice of our innermost desires, sometimes directly or hidden within symbolic imagery.

Dreams in The Alchemist also hold a deeper meaning. Santiago meets Melchizedek, a magical king, who introduces him to the “Soul of the World,” a spiritual essence connecting all living and nonliving things. Dreams act as conduits to this ethereal framework, guiding and communicating with us. By following our dreams, we tap into the spiritual power of the Soul of the World.

Santiago’s pursuit of his treasure takes him from Spain to Africa, encountering numerous challenges and setbacks. Along the way, he finds love in a desert oasis and meets an alchemist who shares timeless wisdom. Throughout his journey, Santiago faces distractions and temptations that threaten to lead him astray, but he remains determined to fulfill his dream.

Upon reaching the pyramids, Santiago begins to dig for the treasure, only to be attacked by two young men who mistakenly believe he has buried valuables. He explains his actions, revealing the dream that has guided him. Surprisingly, one of the young men shares that he has had a similar dream about treasure buried beneath a sycamore tree near a crumbling church in Spain. This twist of fate brings Santiago’s journey full circle.

Santiago returns home to uncover the treasure, confirming the wisdom of the fortune-teller who interpreted his dream. Although the treasure’s location was simple, its discovery required a remarkable journey of self-discovery, resilience, and unwavering faith.

The Alchemist’s rich narrative illustrates the power of dreams and the importance of pursuing them. The novel encourages us to see our dreams as meaningful guides, connected to the spiritual essence of the world. By following our dreams, we may transcend our comfort zones, overcome challenges, and discover something extraordinary.

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Lesson 2: Within the vast expanse of the universe, a Personal Legend awaits each of us as a precious gift.

In Paulo Coelho’s “The Alchemist,” Melchizedek’s brief but impactful conversation with the protagonist Santiago lays the foundation for Santiago’s journey of self-discovery and understanding. Two key concepts emerge from their discussion: the Soul of the World and the importance of uncovering one’s Personal Legend.

Melchizedek describes the Personal Legend as a deeply ingrained purpose or aspiration that sets a person’s soul ablaze. This legend is often vivid in one’s youth, inspiring dreams and ambitions. However, as people grow older, societal influences creep into their consciousness, causing them to doubt the feasibility of their Personal Legends. The message shifts from chasing dreams to seeking safety and conformity, leading many to embrace mediocrity and comfort.

Contrary to this widespread mindset, Melchizedek asserts that anyone who genuinely desires their Personal Legend can achieve it. He proposes that true desires emerge not only from within the individual but also from the vast universe itself. By embracing their desires, people align with cosmic forces that conspire to help them realize their aspirations.

Throughout his journey, Santiago meets two important figures linked to his Personal Legend. The first is an Englishman in search of alchemy. Santiago and the Englishman differ in their methods, with Santiago exploring the wonders of the world and the Englishman studying ancient texts. Their friendship blossoms during their travels, but they also challenge each other’s beliefs. Santiago introduces the Englishman to the richness of life’s experiences, highlighting that true wisdom extends beyond scholarly pursuits.

The second character is the alchemist, whom Santiago meets at a desert oasis. The alchemist reveals that his mastery of alchemy stems from his unwavering dedication to his own Personal Legend. He teaches Santiago a vital lesson: to avoid fixation on superficial rewards like wealth or material possessions. Instead, he encourages individuals to delve deeper into their innermost desires and align their actions accordingly.

Both Melchizedek and the alchemist stress the importance of listening to one’s heart to uncover their Personal Legend. However, when Santiago tries to follow his heart, he faces confusion and frustration. His heart seems unruly, filled with fears and anxieties. The alchemist reassures Santiago that this is a sign of a vibrant, pulsating heart eager to experience life’s intricacies. Santiago is encouraged to continue listening to his heart to discover his true path.

Santiago wonders how to react when his heart advises him to abandon his pursuit of the Personal Legend, fearing the loss of his wealth or his romantic relationship. The alchemist tells him to engage in a deep conversation with his heart and persuade it to remain steadfast.

Ignoring the heart’s guidance is not an option; Santiago must learn to listen and never turn away from it. While he seeks wisdom from his heart, he also has to reassure it when it falters. It is a delicate balance between embracing the heart’s wisdom and calming its fears.

In a moment of introspection, Santiago bravely communicates with his heart, asking it to stay loyal and unafraid even in the face of potential suffering. Through this deep conversation, Santiago’s heart reveals the wisdom of the Soul of the World, and he is filled with clarity and purpose as the universe guides his journey.

Lesson 3: Embrace the liberating power of true love and learn to let go.

In The Alchemist, Paulo Coelho weaves a captivating tale of love and self-discovery, centered around the young shepherd Santiago and the desert girl Fatima. Their journey together raises thought-provoking questions about love, possession, and the meaning of true freedom.

Santiago and Fatima meet at a desert oasis and quickly fall in love. However, Santiago must decide whether to continue pursuing his Personal Legend or stay with Fatima. Encouraged by Fatima and the alchemist, Santiago chooses to continue his quest, recognizing that true love allows for personal growth and freedom to follow one’s dreams.

Throughout the story, love plays a central role in both character development and the greater themes of the novel. Coelho delves into the interconnectedness of love in the universe, with Santiago’s own experience of love giving him insight into his relationship with the world around him.

During a critical moment in the story, Santiago must prove himself as an alchemist to a group of skeptical tribesmen. He attempts to transform himself into the wind, drawing on his love for Fatima and his deep connection with the universe. Although he is unable to complete the transformation, his passionate discourse on love inspires the desert, wind, and sun to create a breathtaking windstorm. This moment marks Santiago’s emergence as a true alchemist.

Through Santiago’s journey, The Alchemist explores the transformative power of love. It highlights the importance of genuine, wholehearted love as a force that unites people, ignites dormant potential, and transcends boundaries. This love exists not only in the relationship between Santiago and Fatima but also in the very fabric of the universe, guiding individuals on their unique paths toward self-discovery and fulfillment.

Coelho’s portrayal of love teaches readers that true love does not seek possession or confinement but instead supports individual growth and the pursuit of one’s dreams. This love recognizes the interconnectedness of all beings and nurtures growth, aspirations, and the freedom to follow one’s Personal Legend.

As we embark on our own journeys of self-discovery, we can learn from Santiago’s story about the delicate balance between love and letting go. Sometimes, we must release our attachments, even to those we hold most dear, to truly grow and realize our potential. In moments of uncertainty, when our hearts yearn for what we must leave behind, we can find solace in trusting the power of love, the wisdom of the universe, and the belief that our deepest desires will ultimately be fulfilled.

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Lesson 4: Our destinies may be influenced by a higher power, but it is our awareness of the present and the signs around us that truely shapes our lives.

In Paulo Coelho’s The Alchemist, the tension between fate and free will creates a captivating backdrop for Santiago’s journey to fulfill his Personal Legend. The protagonist encounters numerous obstacles, leading him to question whether the universe or himself is responsible for these hardships.

Omens play a crucial role in The Alchemist, acting as celestial signposts that guide Santiago on his path. The stones Melchizedek gifts him, the scarab beetle, and the vision of two hawks fighting all serve as important symbols that shape Santiago’s journey. The recurring phrase “maktub,” meaning “It is written,” hints that Santiago’s life path is predetermined by a force beyond his control.

Despite this, Santiago and the reader are left wondering why people must work so hard to achieve their Personal Legends if their destinies are predetermined. Shouldn’t these goals be effortlessly achieved?

A conversation with a wise camel driver provides Santiago with a new perspective. After hearing about the hawks, the camel driver shares his own experiences seeking out seers to learn about his future. He reveals that the wisest seer explained that only God truly knows the future, while seers can only offer glimpses into the present by interpreting omens.

This insight highlights the importance of mindfulness and attentiveness to omens in shaping our destinies. The Alchemist teaches us that the key to fulfilling our Personal Legends lies in living in the present moment and paying attention to the signs and symbols around us.

By embracing the present and interpreting the universe’s subtle whispers, we can shape the trajectory of our future. The Alchemist ultimately imparts a profound truth: our destinies may be influenced by a greater force, but it’s our attentiveness to the present and the omens that surround us that truly shapes our path.


Alchemist: The alchemist is an unnamed 200-year-old man whom Santiago meets at the oasis. He knows how to turn lead into gold.

Camel driver: After making a pilgrimage to Mecca and then losing his orchard, the devout Muslim found work guiding travelers across the desert. He is spiritual and finds happiness living in service to God through omens.

Coptic monk: At a monastery near the pyramids in Egypt, the Coptic monk shelters Santiago and the alchemist; to thank him for his help, he is given a portion of a gold disk that the alchemist made while staying at the monastery.

Crystal merchant: The crystal merchant gives Santiago a job in his shop in Tangier. Despite his fear of change, he trusts Santiago to improve the once-popular shop that had fallen on hard times. Englishman: Santiago meets an Englishman on the caravan to the pyramids. The Englishman seeks the alchemist, from whom he wants to learn the science and art of alchemy.

Fatima: The desert woman Santiago meets in the oasis during his travels to the pyramids. They fall in love, and she encourages him to complete his personal journey.

Gypsy woman: The old fortune-teller Santiago visits Tarifa who interprets his dreams and asks for one-tenth of the treasure he finds.

Melchizedek (The King of Salem): The mysterious and magical man who encourages and helps Santiago pursue his destiny; he shares his wisdom with the young shepherd, and gives him two stones to help guide him on his journey.

Merchant: A shopkeeper in Tarifa with a dry-goods business, he buys wool from Santiago once each year. Santiago was infatuated with his daughter before leaving on his personal journey.

Merchant’s daughter: The raven-haired girl with Moorish eyes whom Santiago wishes to marry before he decides to pursue his Personal Legend and before he meets Fatima, the true love of his life.

Santiago: The protagonist of the story. He is the Andalusian shepherd who sets out on a quest to realize his destiny.

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Themes and Symbols

Abandoned church

Santiago’s story begins in a long-abandoned church in Spain, where he slept under the stars by a sycamore tree that grew inside it. Though he leaves Andalusia behind to follow his dream, his return to the church—where he discovers an actual treasure chest—speaks to the endurance of faith, both religious and personal, and the treasure that can be found by those who seek it.


Though discredited as a science, the goal of alchemy is to transform base metals into gold. In the same way, Santiago’s pursuit of his dream enables him to achieve a personal and spiritual transformation. For him, not being afraid to fulfill his destiny resulted in a treasure more valuable than gold: love.


Literal and figurative dreams are interwoven throughout the narrative of The Alchemist. At the beginning of the book, a recurring dream reveals Santiago’s purpose—his Personal Legend. Although an actual dream—one that was confirmed to him by the Gypsy woman from whom he sought interpretation—it represents his greatest desires and yearnings, propelling him on his quest.

Serving as a contrast to Santiago’s dream of treasure at the pyramids, the leader of the group of thieves who spares his life in Egypt shares his own dream: to travel to the church with the sycamore tree in Spain. Santiago encounters several individuals in his travels; some have given up on their dreams (figuratively), but the happiest are those who haven’t.


Santiago’s sheep symbolize the comfortable, complacent life he could have led if he had stayed in Spain or decided to remain in Tangier. He had responsibilities in caring for them and a steady income. His decision to leave his sheep behind was a significant step outside his comfort zone in pursuit of his life’s journey.

The sheep also illustrate Santiago’s ability to connect with the natural world. He communicates with his sheep, understands their personalities and needs, reads to them, and speaks to them. They provide his sustenance, and he takes care of them—similar to Jesus tending to his flock.

Urim and Thummim

In the Old Testament, Urim and Thummim were used for divination and receiving oracles. As is common in quest literature and mythology, the hero is bestowed with an amulet or sacred object for protection.

These two stones given to Santiago by the King of Salem—one black, the other white—possess powers. When Santiago struggles to interpret the omens before him, he can tap into the power of the stones. Though the stones reappear several times on his journey, Santiago learns, like Dorothy in the Wizard of Oz, that he already possesses what he needs inside him and does not rely on Urim and Thummim for guidance.


Early in the narrative, Santiago envies “the freedom of the wind.” As a shepherd, he had the freedom to travel but never ventured far. It is the levanter—the wind from Africa—that brings him thoughts of exotic faraway people and places, including “the smell of the desert and of veiled women.”

He does not yet realize that this is his destiny. Toward the end of his journey, he is tasked with becoming the wind itself—communing again with nature—in order to save his own life. The Alchemist concludes with Santiago, having returned to Andalusia, breathing in the levanter that carries a kiss from his beloved, Fatima.

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1. The Profound Simplicity of Wisdom

In a world full of complexities and information overload, it’s refreshing to come across a book that distills profound wisdom into simple yet powerful messages.

“The Alchemist” achieves this with its straightforward writing style and unassuming tone. The story follows a shepherd named Santiago on his journey to fulfill his personal legend, and along the way, he encounters various characters who share their wisdom and experiences with him.

The beauty lies in the book’s ability to welcome readers to embrace what resonates with them and discard what doesn’t. The simplicity of the writing allows the messages to seep into the reader’s soul without resistance, making it a truly transformative reading experience.

2. A Tale of Personal Growth and Fulfillment

At its core, “The Alchemist” is a coming-of-age parable that explores the themes of personal growth and fulfilling one’s destiny. The protagonist, Santiago, leaves behind his comfortable life as a shepherd to embark on a journey in search of treasure. However, what he discovers along the way is far more valuable than material riches.

The book emphasizes the importance of following one’s dreams and desires, highlighting the idea that when we truly want something, the entire universe conspires to help us achieve it. Through Santiago’s experiences and encounters, readers are reminded of their own potential to live out their personal legends and create their own miracles.

3. Layered Messages and Enduring Impact

“The Alchemist” is a book that warrants multiple reads. Its messages are so layered that with each pass, new understandings and moments of enlightenment unfold. The first read may sweep readers off their feet, but subsequent readings offer fresh perspectives and deeper insights.

Paulo Coelho’s storytelling weaves together various themes such as love, destiny, and the power of belief, all encapsulated within a modern-day fable. The narrative engages readers on an emotional and spiritual level, leaving a lasting impact that extends beyond the final page. Each time the book is revisited, it becomes a guide, a source of inspiration, and a reminder of the hidden treasures that lie within our own souls.


1. Mumbo-Jumbo Religiosity

While I appreciate the simplicity and stripped-down nature of the storytelling in “The Alchemist,” there were moments when the book’s religiosity became too convoluted for my taste. The author attempts to convey the idea of hidden oneness in all matter, which can work well with a simplistic style.

However, when the protagonist starts addressing the wind and other elements as if they were sentient beings, it stretches credulity and reduces nature to a theatrical performance. It broke the immersion for me and made the story feel less authentic.

2. Breaking Its Own Rules

One aspect that bothered me about “The Alchemist” was how it seemed to break its own rules towards the end. The main character, Santiago, is on a spiritual journey of self-discovery, yet he continues to seek material wealth. It felt contradictory that someone who had learned so much about what truly matters in life would still be driven by the pursuit of money.

Moreover, the twist at the end, while clever, raised questions about the nature of truth and predetermination within the story. The messaging became unclear, leaving me with a sense of inconsistency.

3. Painful Prose and Frustrating Protagonist

The writing style of “The Alchemist” is simple and parable-like, which makes it accessible to a wide audience. However, at times, the prose felt amateurish and painful to read. The lack of sophistication in the writing diminished my enjoyment of the book.

Furthermore, the protagonist, Santiago, came across as an infuriating character. He makes poor decisions, falls for every woman he meets, and seems oblivious to the consequences of his actions. While these traits might be intentional to depict the stumbling nature of pursuing dreams, it made it difficult to connect with and root for the protagonist.


“The Alchemist” by Paulo Coelho provided me with an enjoyable reading experience. As someone who was seeking a shorter, simpler read after a long hiatus from books, this novel fit the bill perfectly. It may not be thought-provoking, deep, twisting, or realistic, but that’s not what it aims to be.

The story follows the journey of a boy through the desert in search of treasure. It’s a straightforward tale filled with cliche moments and predictable plot points. The use of spiritual phrases and references to God/Allah adds an underlying spiritual undertone, although it doesn’t delve into religious territory. What stood out to me were the powerful symbolism and imagery woven throughout the book, enhancing the reading experience and making it smooth and enjoyable.

Paulo Coelho’s storytelling breathes new life into an age-old story, adding a touch of majesty and wonder to the narrative. If you’re an avid reader looking for a lighter read or need something quick to finish in a few days, “The Alchemist” is a perfect choice. It’s a book that will make you root for the main character, known simply as “The Boy,” and feel a sense of satisfaction as he nears his Personal Legend. The book radiates positivity, magic, and inspiration, making it a great pick for those seeking a boost in their lives.

Furthermore, “The Alchemist” is suitable for younger readers as well. Middle schoolers and high schoolers can easily connect with the story and find value in its message.

In the end, I’m glad I read “The Alchemist.” The ending left me content, and I believe the book deserves the praise it has received over the years. It may not be a groundbreaking literary masterpiece, but it offers enchantment and powerful simplicity that resonates with readers.

About The Author

Paulo Coelho, born in 1947 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, is the acclaimed author of “The Alchemist.” With an impressive literary career comprising 30 books, his works have sold over 320 million copies across 170 countries. Today, he stands as one of the most widely read authors in the world.

Since 2007, Paulo Coelho has held the esteemed title of United Nations Messenger of Peace. This role enables him to champion intercultural dialogue and advocate for the welfare of children.

Recognized for his outstanding contributions to literature, Coelho is a member of the Brazilian Academy of Letters. He has received more than 115 awards and honors, including the prestigious Hans Christian Andersen Award, the Grinzane Cavour Book Award, and the Chevalier de l’Ordre National de la Légion d’Honneur, among others.

Buy The Book: The Alchemist

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