Book Review: Ikigai by Hector Garcia

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According to the Japanese, everyone has an Ikigai, a reason for living, which is believed to be the key to a long and happy life. The residents of the world’s longest-living village emphasize the importance of finding one’s Ikigai. It is a strong sense of purpose that intertwines what you love, what you are good at, what you can get paid for, and what the world needs, leading to a life filled with meaning.

In this book, the authors conducted interviews with residents of a Japanese village known for having the highest percentage of 100-year-olds. This village is recognized as one of the world’s Blue Zones. Through these interviews, the book unveils the secrets of the villagers’ longevity and happiness.

It explores their dietary habits, physical activities, work practices, community-building efforts, and their well-kept secret of discovering their Ikigai, which brings them fulfillment and meaning in life.

If you’re short on time, you don’t have to read the entire book. This review will provide you with an overview of the valuable lessons you can learn from it. So, without further ado, let’s dive in!

Key Insights

Lesson 1: Longevity stems from having a sense of purpose in life.

If you aspire to live a long, healthy, and meaningful life, then pay close attention to the fascinating wisdom that emanates from the pages of the book “Ikigai” by Hector Garcia. Prepare to uncover the secret to longevity that lies within the Okinawan community in southern Japan, where the world’s highest concentration of centenarians resides. Brace yourself for an extraordinary revelation: the key to their exceptional longevity can be encapsulated in a single word—ikigai.

So, what exactly is ikigai? Imagine it as the very essence of your existence, your reason for being, or the driving force that propels you forward in life. It is a remarkable amalgamation of four essential elements: your passion, your skills, your livelihood, and the needs of the world around you. In Japan, it is widely believed that every individual possesses an ikigai, a destiny that they were born to fulfill.

For some fortunate souls, their ikigai is immediately apparent, guiding their path from the outset. Yet, for others, the search for their ikigai is a journey of self-discovery that unfolds gradually over time. If you fall into the latter category, fear not! Persevere in your quest, for finding your ikigai is the ultimate key to unlocking the motivation that will propel you out of bed each morning, eager to embrace the day ahead.

In the enchanting realm of Okinawa, where the pursuit of ikigai is woven into the very fabric of life, its inhabitants exemplify a profound dedication to their daily work. Meticulous attention to detail and a lifelong commitment to honing their craft are the hallmarks of these extraordinary individuals. Imagine encountering a skilled craftswoman who has spent her entire life perfecting the art of attaching individual hairs to brushes in an Okinawan paintbrush factory. The level of dexterity and skill she has attained through years of unwavering focus is truly awe-inspiring.

Moreover, the notion of retirement takes on an entirely new meaning in the realm of ikigai. If your ikigai aligns with your occupation, there is no reason to retire! Embrace the continued practice of your ikigai, allowing it to infuse your days with joy and purpose. For those whose ikigai is found in hobbies or personal pursuits, rest assured that the Okinawan way of life offers invaluable guidance. These wise individuals remain active and engaged until the very end, filling their post-retirement years with activities such as gardening or community volunteering.

The rewards of such commitment are abundantly clear. Researchers have discovered that Okinawan centenarians boast remarkably low rates of heart disease and dementia. Thus, the power of ikigai extends beyond the realm of personal fulfillment to bestow the gift of health and longevity.

Lesson 2: Longevity depends on a healthy mind and low stress levels.

Aging gracefully requires more than just a healthy body – it demands a healthy mind too. Unfortunately, we often overlook the importance of mental well-being, even though it is just as crucial for a long and fulfilling life.

To keep your mind in top shape, you need to give it a regular workout, just like you would exercise your body. Neuroscientist Shlomo Breznitz explains that as we age, our brains tend to lose flexibility when we fall into repetitive patterns and routines. Therefore, it’s essential to break free from the monotony and explore new activities.

One effective way to exercise your brain is by playing mind games like chess or cards. However, the ultimate brain booster is getting out of the house and engaging in social interactions. Meeting new people, participating in conversations, and sharing experiences stimulates your brain and keeps it agile.

Reducing stress is another vital key to living a longer and healthier life. Numerous scientific studies have shown a strong connection between stress and premature aging. When we experience stress, it takes a toll on our brains and bodies. Imagine the story of a young doctor who underwent a grueling series of job interviews. The stress was so intense that it triggered the release of antibodies in his blood, as if he had contracted a virus. Unfortunately, these antibodies not only fight off threats but also harm healthy cells, accelerating the aging process.

To combat stress, there are several effective strategies you can employ. Mindfulness practice allows you to quiet your mind, focus on the present moment, and observe your body and thoughts without judgment. Yoga and exercise are also fantastic ways to alleviate stress and promote overall well-being.

However, it’s important to remember that these measures are not quick fixes; they are long-term investments in your health. By incorporating brain exercises, reducing stress, and prioritizing mental well-being, you can age gracefully and enjoy a fulfilling and vibrant life.

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Lesson 3: Morita therapy is an intensive form of therapy originating from Japan that aims to help individuals overcome stress.

In our modern world, we often find ourselves trapped in a web of anxiety, burnout, and stress. It seems like these conditions are an inevitable part of our lives, and Japan is no exception to this. In fact, the working culture in Japan can be particularly intense. However, amidst this chaotic backdrop, there is a valuable lesson we can learn from the land of the rising sun.

Enter Morita therapy—a remarkable technique developed by Shoma Morita, a psychotherapist and Buddhist practitioner. Originally designed to treat chronic anxiety, obsessions, and compulsions, it has also proven effective in addressing stress and burnout.

Unlike many Western therapies that focus on changing our thoughts to influence our feelings and actions, Morita therapy takes a different approach. It encourages patients to accept their feelings without attempting to alter them. Instead, they engage in specific actions that generate new emotions, gradually replacing the old ones.

The therapy unfolds in four stages, beginning with a period of complete rest. During this week-long phase, the patient is confined to bed, free from distractions. No media consumption, visitors, or even speaking is allowed. The only human interaction permitted is brief supervision by a psychotherapist. As the patient observes their emotions come and go, they gain valuable insights.

Moving on to the second stage, the patient incorporates repetitive activities into their daily routine. This may include breathing exercises or maintaining a diary, providing a way to channel their attention.

In the third stage, the activities become more physically engaging and creative. Tasks like wood cutting and painting are introduced, allowing the patient to experience a fresh set of emotions—feelings of joy, equanimity, and engagement begin to blossom.

Having successfully completed these three stages, the patient is now ready for the fourth and final stage. Armed with a newfound sense of calm and purpose, they reenter the world, prepared to face life’s challenges with renewed strength.

While rest and detachment from unnecessary distractions are undeniably beneficial for our well-being, there comes a point when we need to find something to focus our attention on. Morita therapy provides a profound lesson in how we can navigate the complexities of modern life and discover our own sense of purpose and fulfillment.

Lesson 4: The Okinawan diet emphasizes variety and small portions.

Japan is famous for having the longest life expectancy, but the people of Okinawa province take it to the next level. They live even longer! Their secret? The Okinawan diet, which has been studied extensively by heart specialist Makoto Suzuki from Ryukyus University since the 1970s. Here’s what he discovered:

Variety is key in the Okinawan diet. The locals consume an impressive array of 206 different foods regularly, including an abundance of spices and herbs. They make sure to have five servings of fruits and vegetables every day, aiming to fill their plates with a rainbow of colors for maximum nutrition.

Despite the wide variety, the Okinawan diet is relatively simple. Staples like rice and noodles are the mainstays, while salt and sugar are used sparingly. Compared to other Japanese natives, Okinawans consume 60 percent less sugar and 50 percent less salt, making their diet even healthier.

Another crucial aspect of their diet is portion control. Okinawans have a saying: stop eating at 80 percent full. This means they intentionally leave a bit of hunger, which helps them avoid overeating. You can adopt this practice by reducing portion sizes or skipping desserts.

To support this approach, Okinawans often serve their meals on small plates. These plates typically include a portion of rice, vegetables, miso soup, and a snack like edamame beans. By consciously limiting the amount they eat, they strike a balance between satisfaction and maintaining a healthy weight.

Interestingly, scientific research backs up the Okinawans’ wisdom. Calorie reduction has been shown to have numerous health benefits, such as lowering the levels of insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) protein. When IGF-1 is overproduced, it accelerates cellular aging. By consuming fewer calories, the Okinawans naturally slow down this process, leading to longer and healthier lives.

So, remember the Okinawan lesson: embrace variety in your diet, opt for smaller portions, and stop eating when you’re about 80 percent full. These simple habits can contribute to a healthier and more fulfilling life.

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1. A Holistic Approach to Happiness

The book delves into various aspects of living a happy and fulfilling life. Instead of focusing solely on finding your “Ikigai,” it explores a range of topics that contribute to overall well-being.

From stress management to self-care and self-growth, the author provides practical tips and techniques to navigate the challenges of modern life. This holistic approach ensures that readers gain a comprehensive understanding of what it takes to lead a fulfilling life.

2. Wisdom from Diverse Sources

One of the standout features of this book is how it weaves together wisdom from different philosophers and thinkers. The author draws inspiration from renowned figures such as Victor Frankl and Marcus Aurelius, adding depth and richness to the narrative.

By incorporating these diverse perspectives, “Ikigai” offers a well-rounded exploration of life’s purpose and meaning. It’s a delight for readers who appreciate the wisdom of various philosophies.

3. Lessons from Okinawa’s Centenarians

“Ikigai” shines a spotlight on the lives of the people of Okinawa, known for their longevity and vibrant well-being. Through interviews and observations, the book reveals the habits, attitudes, and outlooks that contribute to their healthy and joyful lives.

This real-life inspiration serves as a reminder that a well-lived life is within our reach. The stories of the centenarians provide concrete examples and motivation for readers to embrace self-sufficiency, gratitude, love, peace, and antifragility in their own lives.


1. Lack of Focus on Ikigai

Considering the title and the central concept of ikigai, I expected the book to provide a deep exploration of the topic and practical guidance on finding one’s ikigai. However, I found that the book deviates into various self-help areas, discussing topics such as diet, exercise, stress management, and community building.

While these are undoubtedly important aspects of a fulfilling life, the book spends more time regurgitating information from sources like Blue Zones rather than offering fresh perspectives on the concept of ikigai. As a result, the book feels like a missed opportunity to dive deeper into the true essence of ikigai.

2. Lack of Depth and Analysis

The book attempts to cover a broad range of philosophical and psychological concepts but fails to provide in-depth analysis on any particular subject. It touches upon Viktor Frankl’s logotherapy, flow states, yoga, diet, qi gong, and more, without delving into these topics with the necessary depth.

This lack of thorough exploration leaves the reader wanting more and hampers the book’s ability to offer a comprehensive understanding of ikigai or its related principles.

3. Disconnect Between Title and Content

The title of the book, “Ikigai: The Japanese Secret to a Long and Happy Life,” creates certain expectations. However, the book primarily focuses on aspects such as living a long life, good diet, exercise, and low stress, without adequately connecting them to the core concept of ikigai.

While a healthy lifestyle may contribute to finding meaning and purpose, the book fails to bridge the gap between longevity and the true essence of ikigai. This disconnect leaves readers questioning whether the book truly delivers on its promise.


“Ikigai” by Héctor García has been a transformative and enlightening read. It has provided me with a fresh perspective and a renewed sense of purpose. The wisdom shared by the author, along with the insights from the people of Okinawa, has truly resonated with me. I now understand the importance of finding my ikigai, my reason for being, and how it can bring happiness and balance to my life.

This book has been more than just a source of knowledge; it has been a catalyst for positive change. I am grateful to the author for sharing these valuable teachings that have enriched my life. Each page I turned brought me closer to understanding the essence of ikigai and embracing a fulfilling existence.

So, if you’re searching for meaning, purpose, and a path towards a long and joyful life, I wholeheartedly recommend “Ikigai.” It will guide you on a journey of self-discovery, helping you uncover your ikigai and find the motivation to greet each day with enthusiasm. Let the wisdom of wabi-sabi and the spirit of ikigai guide you towards a life filled with contentment and inner peace.

About The Author

Héctor García and Francesc Miralles are coauthors of the popular book, “The Book of Ichigo Ichie: The Art of Making the Most of Every Moment, the Japanese Way.”

Héctor, a resident of Japan for more than ten years, gained recognition for his bestselling book in Japan, “A Geek in Japan.” Francesc, on the other hand, is a well-known author of numerous bestselling self-help and inspirational books. Moreover, his novel “Love in Lowercase” has been translated into twenty different languages.

Buy The Book: Ikigai

If you want to buy the book Ikigai, you can get it from the following links:

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