Book Review: Franny and Zooey by J. D. Salinger

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Franny and Zooey is a story about a family of child prodigies living in New York. The youngest sister, Franny, is tired of pretending to be someone she’s not. She experiences a spiritual crisis and turns to the Jesus Prayer for comfort, inspired by a character in The Way of a Pilgrim.

Franny’s brother Zooey, who is closest in age to her, tries to help her by discussing spiritual texts from the past and their shared experiences with their older siblings, who taught them about mindfulness. Finally, Franny finds some peace within herself with the help of her brother’s guidance.

You do not have to read the entire book if you don’t have time. This book review provides an overview of everything you can learn from it.

Let’s get started without further ado.

In this Franny and Zooey book review, I’m going to cover the following topics:


Franny and Zooey is a novel by J.D. Salinger that tells the story of two siblings, Franny and Zooey Glass, as they grapple with existential questions and search for meaning in their lives. The novel is a part of Salinger’s series of books about the Glass family, a hyper-intelligent New York clan who are knowledgeable about philosophy, theology, and spirituality.

Franny is the first part of the novel, where the protagonist, Franny, visits New Haven to attend a Yale football match and a party with her student boyfriend, Lane. Franny is carrying the book The Way of a Pilgrim, which introduces her to the Jesus Prayer, a form of constant mindfulness achieved by reciting the prayer in sync with breathing and heartbeat. Franny becomes fascinated by the idea of the Jesus Prayer and its contrast to the shallow self-obsession of college life.

Zooey is the second part of the novel, where Franny’s pursuit of the Jesus Prayer has turned into an emotional collapse, and she has retreated to her mother’s apartment in Manhattan. Zooey attempts to talk to Franny about her breakdown, but she becomes infuriated by his presumptuous approach. Zooey then impersonates their brother Buddy to have a conversation with Franny, during which they discuss the philosophical and religious underpinnings of Franny’s angst.

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Franny: A Search for Authenticity

In the first story, Franny, the youngest member of the Glass family, is struggling to find authenticity in her life. She becomes fascinated with the idea of reciting the Jesus Prayer, a practice from The Way of a Pilgrim, a Russian religious work. Franny sees this practice as a way to achieve a state of constant mindfulness, which contrasts with the shallow self-obsession of college life, personified in her student boyfriend Lane’s self-absorption and literary pretentiousness.

Franny’s fascination with the Jesus Prayer eventually leads to an emotional collapse, and she retreats to her mother’s apartment in Manhattan, refusing to discuss her breakdown with anyone. What she really wants is to speak to her eldest brother Seymour, who killed himself on vacation years before.

Zooey: A Spiritual Journey

The second story, Zooey, picks up the narrative a couple of days later. Zooey, Franny’s brother, attempts to talk to her, but his approach is presumptuous and condescending. Zooey is also struggling to find meaning in his life, as he feels that he and his siblings were raised almost as an experiment, filled with ideas about spiritual and philosophical heroes.

Zooey spends some time reading a sheet of paper tacked to the back of the door in the eldest brothers’ bedroom, on which the two brothers have noted down some of their favourite quotes from their reading. This is the spiritual centre of the two stories, as we get a glimpse into a search for meaning that has ranged across such disparate texts in search of an answer to the apparent meaninglessness of modern life.

Through Zooey’s conversations with Franny, Salinger explores the Zen idea of ‘satori,’ a mystical moment during which one achieves a new understanding of a spiritual problem.

The conversations go more deeply into the philosophical and religious underpinnings of Franny’s angst, and Zooey is able to achieve what he has previously failed to do and communicates something about his understanding of Seymour’s thoughts to Franny. This unlocks her problems, and she is able to achieve a peaceful resolution to her breakdown, thanks to Zooey’s spiritual assistance.

The Spiritual Underpinnings of the Glass Family

Salinger’s fascination with spiritual texts is apparent throughout the book, and in many cases, people have been inspired to investigate the original texts after reading his unique take on them. The sheer enthusiasm of the Glass family for books such as The Way of the Pilgrim or The Cloud of Unknowing makes you want to know more about the original sources.

The Glass family represent a way of living that treats spirituality and mindfulness as central issues. They have detailed discussions of religion and philosophy on an everyday basis, and the stories show various members in moments of spiritual crisis and resolution. By positing the idea that we should be unembarrassed about spirituality and make it a central part of our lives, Salinger gives us a flawed but inspiring example of a different approach to life.

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1. Masterful Dialogue

Salinger is known for his masterful use of dialogue, and Franny and Zooey is no exception. The frenzied and fast-paced conversations between the characters are some of the most captivating parts of the novel. The dialogue between Franny and her boyfriend in the first story is particularly impressive. Salinger captures the essence of their frustration and angst in a way that is both realistic and relatable.

2. The Glass Family

The Glass family is a fascinating group of characters that Salinger introduces us to in this novel. They are intelligent, neurotic, and frustrated with the world around them. Their struggles with the inadequacies of life and the people who surround them are central to the novel’s themes. Salinger’s exploration of the Glass family is both thought-provoking and moving, and it is one of the things that makes this book so special.

3. Profound Questions

At its core, Franny and Zooey is a novel about profound questions. How do we cope with the madness of the world around us? How do we find meaning in a world filled with people who are not bright nor good? Can we save the world? The novel explores these questions in a way that is both philosophical and deeply personal. The characters’ struggles with these questions are relatable, and Salinger’s exploration of them is both moving and thought-provoking.


1. Intellectual Elitism

One of the criticisms of Franny and Zooey is that it can come across as elitist. The Glass family is hyper-intelligent and well-educated, and their conversations are often filled with esoteric references that may not be accessible to all readers. While this may not be a problem for some readers, others may find the intellectual elitism off-putting.

2. Lack of Action

Franny and Zooey is a very introspective novel, and there is not much action that takes place. The two interrelated stories are mostly comprised of conversations between characters, which can make the book feel slow-paced at times. Some readers may find this lack of action boring or uninteresting.

3. Dated Attitudes

Franny and Zooey was first published in 1961, and some of the attitudes and beliefs expressed in the novel may feel dated to modern readers. For example, the book is very much a product of its time in terms of its portrayal of gender roles and the expectations placed on women. Some readers may find these attitudes difficult to reconcile with their own beliefs and values.


Franny and Zooey is a remarkable work of literature that offers a fascinating exploration of spirituality and existentialism. Salinger’s use of intellectual discourse and philosophy within a narrative is masterful, and the characters of the Glass family are complex and engaging.

Through their stories, Salinger shows us a different approach to life, one that is unembarrassed about spirituality and makes it a central part of our lives.

The enduring appeal of Franny and Zooey lies in its ability to inspire readers to seek their own moments of spiritual insight and to live a more meaningful life. It is a book that is both entertaining and thought-provoking, and one that will continue to captivate readers for generations to come.

About The Author

D. Salinger was born in New York City on January 1, 1919, and died in Cornish, New Hampshire, on January 27, 2010. His stories appeared in many magazines, most notably The New Yorker. 

Between 1951 and 1963 he produced four book-length works of fiction: The Catcher in the Rye; Nine Stories; Franny and Zooey; and Raise High the Roof Beam, Carpenters and Seymour — An Introduction. The books have been embraced and celebrated throughout the world and have been credited with instilling in many a lifelong love of reading.

Buy The Book: Franny and Zooey

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